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SoftPrayog provides information regarding software conforming to the Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) philosophy. You will find here articles on software engineering, tutorials and troubleshooting information regarding commands belonging to GNU/Linux based systems. The objective of SoftPrayog is to help in learning of the Linux operating system, its commands and provide software development resources.

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  • A bash script is a list of commands written to automate some system operations work in Linux. The commands for making a bash script are explained.
  • A command line interface (CLI) shell provides a powerful, precise and flexible way of running commands. bash is the default CLI shell under Linux.
  • tc is a user space program for managing qdiscs for network interfaces. tc is used for configuring traffic control in the kernel.
  • The ss command gives the socket statistics. It gives information about the network connections. ss is a replacement for the netstat command.
  • The umask command is used for setting a mask which is used for managing the permissions of files created by processes during a login session.