Interprocess communication using FIFOs in Linux

Interprocess communication using fifo

1.0 FIFO

FIFOs are pipes with a name and are also commonly referred to as named pipes. Pipes are common on Linux command lines but do not have a system-wide name. So, any two processes that wish to communicate using a pipe need to be related, either parent and child or, sharing a common parent, who sets up the pipe and passes its file descriptors to individual processes.… Read more

umask in Linux

File Permissions

In Linux, each files has nine permission bits. There are three basic permissions, read (r), write (w) and execute (x), for a file. These three permissions are there for the owner (o) of the file, the group (g) set for the file and the "others" (o).… Read more

htop command in Linux



htop is a ncurses based program for viewing processes in a system running Linux. htop is quite similar to the top command. However, since htop is a newer program compared to top, it offers many improvements. htop supports mouse operation, uses color in its output and gives visual indications about processor, memory and swap usage.… Read more


The best way to use pidstat is to pass a list of process ids with the -p parameter. The -u option reports CPU utilization. The -l parameter displays the process command name and its arguments. And we can optionally put time interval in seconds for the interval between reports and again, optionally, a count for number of reports.… Read more